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Common Terms

Egg donation (ED) is the process by which a woman donates her eggs for the purposes of assisted reproduction or biomedical research.

Egg donor is a woman who donates her eggs.

Egg retrieval is a technique used in IVF in order to remove oocytes from the ovary of the female, enabling the fertilization outside the body.

Endometrium (uterine lining) is the inner mucous membrane of the uterus.

Fertilization is the fusion of gametes to initiate the development of new individual organism.

Gestational surrogacy involves sperm from intended father and eggs from the egg donor.

Intended Parent (IP) is a person considering or on a surrogacy journey.

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is an IVF procedure in which a single sperm is injected directly into an egg.

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is the deliberate introduction of sperm into the female’s uterus or cervix for the purpose of achieving a pregnancy through IVF by means other than sexual intercourse.

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a process by which an egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body.

Oocyte is a female gametocyte or germ cell involved in reproduction. In other words, it is an immature ovum, or egg cell.

Ovarian follicle is a cellular aggregation set found in the ovaries. It secrets hormones that influence stages of the menstrual cycle.

Ovary is an ovum-producing reproductive organ, often found in pairs in the female as part of the vertebrate female reproductive system.

Surrogacy (surrogate motherhood) is when another woman carries and gives birth to a baby for the couple who wants to have a child.

Traditional surrogacy involves sperm from the intended father and an egg from surrogate mother. The fertilization is usually done by the artificial insemination or intrauterine insemination (IUI).